Pharmacological Classification of the Abuse-Related Discriminative Stimulus Effects of Trichloroethylene Vapor

Author(s): Keith L Shelton and Katherine L Nicholson


Inhalants are distinguished as a class primarily based upon a shared route of administration. Grouping inhalants according to their abuse-related in vivo pharmacological effects using the drug discrimination procedure has the potential to provide a more relevant classification scheme to the research and treatment community. Mice were trained to differentiate the introceptive effects of the trichloroethylene vapor from air using an operant procedure. Trichloroethylene is a chlorinated hydrocarbon solvent once used as an anesthetic as well as in glues and other consumer products. It is now primarily employed as a metal degreaser. We found that the stimulus effects of trichloroethylene were similar to those of other chlorinated hydrocarbon vapors, the aromatic hydrocarbon toluene and the vapor anesthetics methoxyflurane and isoflurane. The stimulus effects of trichloroethylene overlapped with those of the barbiturate methohexital, to a lesser extent the benzodiazepine midazolam and ethanol. N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists, the kappa-opioid agonist U50,488, and the mixed 5-HT agonist 1-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine (mCPP) largely failed to substitute for trichloroethylene. These data suggest that stimulus effects of chlorinated hydrocarbon vapors are mediated at least partially by GABAA receptor positive modulatory effects.


image 10.4303/jdar/235839

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