Effects of Alcohol Use Disorder on Biochemical and Hematological Parameters of Adolescents
Background: Alcohol use disorder is becoming an increasing problem among adolescents. As a result, it has been reported that abuse of alcohol contributes to over 3 million deaths each year globally and is one of the world’s leading risk factors of morbidity, mortality and disability among adolescents.
Aim: Therefore, investigation was carried out to know the effects of alcohol use disorder on hematological and biochemical parameters of adolescents.
Method: The study was categorized into 3 groups comprising of non-drinkers (0 g/day), low drinkers (≤ 46 g/day), and high drinkers (≥ 46 g/day).
Result: It was found that biochemical and hematological parameters of high drinkers (≥ 46 g/day) were significantly lower (p<0.05) compared to that of non-drinkers and low drinkers.
Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that alcohol use disorder can lead to anemia, vulnerability to infection, liver toxicity, kidney failure, and other pathophysiological conditions among adolescents given to high intake of alcohol.